How to Write an Academic Essay in 8 Simple StepsHow to Write an Academic Essay in 8 Simple Steps

Essay writing may come effortlessly to certain people. For many people, however, learning how to respond to an essay question in a way that would result in them receiving excellent scores requires constant training. You may rest easy knowing that the same formulas and strategies can then be employed in practically any piece of academic writing once you learn how to write a brilliant essay, be it coursework, a course assignment, a thesis or dissertation, a reflective essay, a standard essay, or something else. Other than this, online PhD thesis help USA is also available that can help students with their academic pieces of work.

Now coming to the main question, is it really possible to narrow down great essay writing into just 8 steps? So to speak, while it is true that a lot goes into any kind of academic writing, however, the steps mentioned below are the top takeaways if one wants to improve their essay writing.

Step 1: Understand the Question

Now this might, at face value, sound like fairly ordinary advice – but the fact remains that failing to have a clear understanding of the question set is one of, if not the most banal reason for a disappointing grade when it comes to writing essays. Are you being asked to evaluate the helpfulness of a particular concept? Investigate a particular circumstance? Compare and contrast? Critically evaluate a topic?

These are only some of the most common phrases found in essay questions where each phrase implies a different set of expectations. Keeping in with this, your style of writing, formatting, and tone will need to conform to the requirements of the paper. However, if there is still some confusion regarding what you need to do, you can always ask your professor for clarification before proceeding with your work. And if things remain clear then worry not, there are numerous best cheap essay writing service available at your disposal that you can always use which guarantee papers that will earn you your desired grades.

Step 2: Explore the Topic

Following the clarification of the confusion, it is now time to get to the actual pre-writing work. Carrying out research allows you to gain in-depth knowledge on a given topic beyond what is taught in the classroom, making it the most fun part of the entire process of research (Brooks et al., 2019). But, be wary! There is such a thing as over-researching and it’s best you don’t go down that rabbit hole or you will be overwhelmed with more information than necessary.

Step 3: Constructing the Thesis Statement

An essay is only as good as its thesis statement (Caplan, 2019). To craft a compelling thesis statement, make sure that it is not too broad and is something that can be debated over. It is not an opinion, nor a fact, but instead a claim that has room for expansion on both sides of the fence. A thesis statement that is well-crafted acts as an introduction to your argument will be developed and offers the readers a look into the direction you are taking with your evidence.

Step 4: Outline, Structure and Conclusion

Now that you have a thesis statement with meticulous research to support it – the next step that naturally follows is putting them all together. An essay is only convincing if it delivers consistency and coherency throughout the pages. Hence you should make sure that the arguments you present in your paper develop organically, so give a nice and long thought to all the ways you can arrange them.

Step 5: Be Critical

There is no question that critical thinking is the one element that makes any paper stand out. The reason you ask? This demonstrates that the writer has engaged with theories in an intellectual manner rather than merely repeating the arguments that were given to them throughout their studies (Wallace and Wray, 2021). Pay attentive attention when reading literature reviews in published articles since this is a fantastic opportunity to practise your writing and critical thinking abilities. You’ll see that the writers didn’t just summarise earlier research; they also provided a critique that revealed a gap in their own research.

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Step 6: Paraphrasing, Quoting and Plagiarism

Academic writing calls for maintaining a fine balance between drawing on other researchers’ arguments and presenting your own novel argument (Hoffman, 2021). In essence, the writer must provide a credible citation as evidence when drawing on theories, frameworks and arguments presented by other academics or making a statement of fact. These, in sequence, should back up the overall novel argument the writer is making in the paper.

Additionally, proper citation of data sources used in the paper makes sure that the writer is not accused of plagiarism which is a grave offence in the world of academia. As a matter of fact, grievous and repeated plagiarism can lead the writer to the suspension of their studies at many academic institutions!

Step 7: Write Academically

Another prominent error is the use of non-academic language in papers, which is especially prevalent among first- and second-year undergraduate students.

Academic writing should employ effective rhetoric and be brief, objective, and formal. For instance:

In this paper, I’ll examine the use of cultural capital in art purchases. I have a theory about this: People with access to greater cultural capital will probably modify their tastes in art since they can interpret the works of art in a way that others cannot.

Now, the aforementioned statement may be expressed more academically as:

The subsequent essay examines the part played by cultural capital in the consumption of art as well as the influence that cultural capitalism has on the way in which individuals view artistic manifestations.

It is clear that the second example is shorter than the first one while maintaining all of its significance. It also avoids using any informal phrases and substitutes the present tense for the future tense. So it’s safe to claim that academic writing always uses clear, simple language.

Step 8: Proofreading the Draft

Although it is tempting for the writer to submit their work and not look back, but taking some time out to proofread and edit your work is a crucial step in your overall procedure for writing (Singh, 2019).  The key is to not edit immediately after finishing your draft. That is let it sit for a day or even two (provided you have time before submission). You will notice subtle mistakes when going through the paper with a fresh set of eyes, and will not lose marks in stylistic errors.

Just like the 8 steps to writing an academic paper, there are also 7 steps in writing a research paper that you can use to produce a compelling piece of work.

References

Brooks, A.W., Hammons, J., Nolan, J., Dufek, S. and Wynn, M., 2019. The purpose of research: What undergraduate students say. Scholarship and Practice of Undergraduate Research3(1), pp.39-47.

Caplan, N.A., 2019. Have we always taught the five-paragraph essay. Changing practices for the L2 writing classroom: Moving beyond the five-paragraph essay, pp.2-23.

Hoffman, A.J., 2021. The engaged scholar: Expanding the impact of academic research in today’s world. Stanford University Press.

Singh, M.K.M., 2019. Academic reading and writing challenges among international EFL Master’s students in a Malaysian university: The voice of lecturers. Journal of International Students9(4), pp.972-992.

Wallace, M. and Wray, A., 2021. Critical reading and writing for postgraduates. Sage.

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