ADHD is a brain disorder that affects more than 6% of adults and almost 10% of American kids. The condition affects the neurotransmitters of an individual, which are chemicals that transmit messages from nerve cells to other parts in the brain and body. According to some researchers, the parts of the brain that regulate attention, social judgment, and movement may also function differently in ADHD. Girls are more likely than boys to be diagnosed as having ADHD in childhood. This may not be due to the fact that boys are more likely to suffer from ADHD. Inattentive ADHD is more common in girls. This form of ADHD is less disruptive and less likely to be diagnosed.People with ADHD are aware of the challenges that the condition brings, but they also appreciate the positive aspects it can bring, like creativity, spontaneity and the ability to solve problems. Early diagnosis helps people overcome obstacles and use their strengths to create a successful lifestyle.
What causes ADHD?
There is no exact cause of ADHD, but genetics seems to play a major role. According to studies, there is a 75-91% chance that someone with ADHD will have a child who also has the condition. Other factors that can increase the risk of ADHD are being born prematurely or with a low weight at birth, as well as drinking alcohol and using drugs during pregnancy.While the causes of ADHD may not be fully understood, it’s clear that they aren’t caused by poor parenting, a diet high in sugar, or playing too many videogames. It’s not just bad behavior in children. There are differences in the brains between people with ADHD, and those who do not have ADHD. These differences can cause symptoms. It is crucial that the person with ADHD, and their family, understand this.
What are the symptoms of ADHD? What to Look for.
There is a combination of ADHD, which includes inattentiveness, hyperactivity and combined.
The symptoms that indicate inattentive ADHD are:
Short attention span
Lose things easily
An inability to complete tasks that take a long time or are tedious
Unable to follow or listen to instructions
Constantly changing activity or task
Problems with organizing
Hyperactivity ADHD symptoms includes:
Inability of sitting still
Inability of concentration
Excessive physical movement
Inability of waiting their turn
Acting without Thinking
No or little sense of danger
People with ADHD combined show symptoms of both inattentiveness (inattention) and hyperactivity (hyperactivity) .ADHD is the same in children and adults, but the symptoms may vary depending on their age. A child who acts without thinking could break a leg by doing a dangerous skateboard stunt. The same symptoms can lead to impulsive purchases in adults. Adulthood can also bring out specific symptoms, as the increased responsibility of paying bills or attending college classes may accentuate. ADHD symptoms in adults include:
Start new tasks before completing old ones
Exhibiting poor organizational skills
Inability to concentrate
Forgetting important dates
Stress and inability to cope with it
How Can I Tell If I Have ADHD? How is ADHD diagnosed?
A child must show at least six symptoms at multiple locations, including at home and school, to be diagnosed with ADHD. (5) The symptoms must have been present for at least 6 months and interfere with the child’s functioning and development.Adults need only show five symptoms to meet the criteria. A minimum of some symptoms must be present since childhood. Adult diagnosis can be challenging as symptoms are similar to many other conditions including depression. Specialised professionals are responsible for formal ADHD assessments. These are usually done after other conditions have been ruled out. This process involves taking a detailed account of a person’s behaviour, with the help of parents, teachers and other caregivers. Before diagnosing, the specialist observes in person how the patient behaves.
What is the best treatment for ADHD?
There is no one treatment for ADHD, as everyone has a different experience. ADHD treatments include medication, therapy and behavioral interventions. Most people will benefit from a combination of these options.Stimulant ADHD medication increases certain brain chemicals. These prescriptions, despite being labeled stimulants, have a calming effect on people with ADHD. They reduce hyperactivity and improve focus. There are non-stimulant medicines that can help with memory and attention. The focus of therapy is on thinking and behavior patterns that help people make better choices. They can also learn to manage their feelings and build relationships.Social skills training for children with ADHD can help them avoid isolation and make friends. Some providers offer parenting skills classes to help parents better understand their child’s condition and manage his or her behavior.
How to Deal with an ADHD Diagnosis
A diagnosis of ADHD is not a total surprise. People do not ask for an assessment unless they see symptoms. It is not easy to deal with an ADHD diagnosis. Parents might worry about how to best support their newly diagnosed child. Adults who have recently been diagnosed with cancer may feel angry about the lack of recognition of symptoms.Finding support is the best way to deal with a diagnosis. Children and Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, or CHADD, maintains a list of local affiliates supporting groups nationwide. Learning from others’ experiences can be very helpful. Online forums are a great place for people with ADHD or parents of ADHD kids to share their experiences. Social media can be used to find people in similar situations willing to offer emotional support, tips and tricks.
How to help someone with ADHD
Families, friends, and partners may find it difficult to support someone with ADHD. Before making any significant changes, it is important to be honest and understand ADHD. Patience can be a great asset to yourself or loved ones. Learning about the condition is usually the first step in providing support. ADHD symptoms are more prevalent in children with parents who do not understand the condition. Research allows family members to know when ADHD is driving behavior. This may help them to feel less judgmental when the person has ADHD and shows symptoms, or is having difficulty performing tasks.
Moreover, it’s essential to consider the impact of alcohol on individuals with ADHD. Alcohol and ADHD can interact in ways that may exacerbate symptoms or lead to impulsive behavior. Engaging in mindful drinking, which involves being aware of the effects of alcohol on one’s body and mind, can be particularly beneficial for those with ADHD. It’s crucial to strike a balance that minimizes the potential negative consequences of alcohol consumption on ADHD symptoms.
Additional tips include:
- Develop a routine to help manage ADHD-related challenges.
- Provide positive feedback to counteract low self-esteem and boost confidence.
- Find humor in everyday situations to lighten the atmosphere and reduce stress.
- Consider counseling for marital or familial issues to improve communication and relationships.
- Prioritize practicing self-care to ensure individuals with ADHD are looking after their physical and mental well-being.